Located inside Wanping Fortress near Lugou Bridge (Macro Polo Bridge) where the war against Japanese aggression broke out, the Museum of the War of the Chinese People’s Resistance Against Japanese Aggression is a large-scale specialized museum introducing the history of the Chinese people’s resistance against Japanese aggression. In 1987, 1997, 2005 and 2010, the state and Beijing Municipality grandly held activities to commemorate the outbreak and victory of the war against the Japanese aggression in the museum several times.
After it was established in 1987, the museum has been developed in several phases. In front of the museum is the Square Against the Japanese Aggression with an area of 8,600 square meters, where a watchful lion sculpture stands in the center, representing the arousal of the Chinese nation. On each side of the central axis of the square lie seven pieces of lawn, representing the Incident of July 7 and the 14-year war of the Chinese nation against Japanese aggression. A 14-meter high flag pole on the white marble base stands high in the north part of the square. With the outer wall made of creamy marble and the bronze gate with patters of medals of independence and liberty, the museum looks solemn and grandiose.
After three phases of changes, the museum now has a display area of more than 6,700 square meters. With the deepening of research, the exhibits are more scientifically arranged and new concepts and technologies have been introduced. In 2005, the Great Victory, a large-scale themed exhibition, was held in the museum. With historic photos and objects and assisted with measures such as landscape, oil paintings, sculptures, visual images and films, the exhibition highlighted the history of the Chinese people of various ethnic groups, including compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao and overseas Chinese jointly fighting the aggression of the Japanese imperialists based on the Kuomintang-Communist cooperation under the banner of anti-Japanese national united front initiated by the Communist Party of China, represented the backbone roles of the Communist Party of China in the war, showed the huge sacrifice and the important contribution of the Chinese nation for the victory of the world’s anti-Fascist war, and deeply disclosed the monstrous crimes the Japanese invaders had committed during their aggression against China.
One of the basic exhibits of the museum, the semi-landscape picture with the theme of the Incident of July 7 was initially initiated in China at that time. The exhibit combines a huge oil painting with objects and models. With the computer-controlled audio, light and electricity technologies, the oil painting can show the effect of rolling dark cloud, smoke of gunpowder and flames of war, giving the audience the real experience of the war in Lugou Bridge.
Besides the basic display, the museum has also held more than 60 special exhibitions such as the Evidences of Crime of the Japanese Aggression, Crime of Japanese Aggressors of Launching Chemical Warfare, Crimes of Japanese 731 Bacteriological Troop, Photo Exhibition of the Taiwan Compatriots’ Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, Exhibition of the Joint Efforts Against Japanese Aggression of China, the United States and the Soviet Union Air Force in China War Zone, and Shouting for the Anti-Aggression War --- Anti-Aggression Literatures and Arts of the Communist Party of China. These special exhibitions not only compensated and deepened the basic display, but also played important roles in further strengthening historical education.
The museum also made great efforts to collect cultural relics and research the anti-aggression history. Now, it has more than 20,000 pieces of cultural relics, including more than 100 national first-level relics, and more than 100 literary works of various kinds. In addition, many important groups such as China Society on the Studies of Anti-Japanese Aggression History, Specialty Memorial Commission of Chinese Museums Association, Beijing Foundation of Chinese Anti-Japanese Aggression History Studies and Peace Education, and Beijing Association of Chinese Anti-Japanese Aggression History Studies are affiliated to the museum. Their secretariats are all in the museum.
The Museum of the War of the Chinese People’s Resistance Against Japanese Aggression is an important window for the peoples of various countries in the world to learn about China’s anti-aggression war history. After it was put into service in 1987, it has received important politicians from more than 10 countries, including former Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama, and more than 300,000 visitors from more than 80 countries and regions. The museum also held exhibitions with anti-aggression theme in countries such as Japan, the United States, Singapore, Russia and the Republic of Korea and regions like Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao to strengthen exchanges and cooperation with these countries and regions.
The Museum of the War of the Chinese People’s Resistance Against Japanese Aggression is a first-class national museum and has so far received more than 16.6 million visitors from home and abroad. We look forward to your presence.